GOVERNMENT OF CYPRUS
Republic of Cyprus
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Independence was granted to the island in 1960 after a struggle against
England. In 1974 a forceful Turkish invasion divided the island. The results
of the invasion were: 37% of the island is under Turkish occupation, 200,000
Cypriots are still refugees and 1619 Greek Cypriots are still missing. On 15
November 1983 the Turkish leader Rauf DENKTASH declared independence. His
so called "Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus" (TRNC) was declared
immediately by all nations as non existent. It is only recognized by Turkey.
6 districts; Famagusta, Kyrenia, Larnaka, Limassol, Nicosia, Paphos
16 August 1960; negotiations to create the basis for a new or revised
constitution to govern the island. In 1963 the Turkish Cypriot leadership,
following there rejection to amendments to the constitution proposed by
Archipishop Makarios (the president of Cyprus at that time), withdrew from
all governmental activities and refused to cooperate with the elected
The main points of the constitution structure of the Cyprus Republic, which
was built in 1960 under the London-Zurich Treaty and terminated the English occupation,
- The president of the Republic would be a Greek-Cypriot, who will
govern the country with the assistance of a Turkish-Cypriot in the
position of the vice-president, and a 10-member minister
council, consisted of 7 Greek-Cypriots and 3 Turkish-Cypriots.
- The Legislative power would be under the House of the Representatives
control, consisting of 35 Greek-Cypriots and 15 Turkish-Cypriots. The
members of the House of the Representatives would be elected separately
by the two communities every five years.
As it was mentioned above,in 1963, the Turkish vice-president and
ministers withdrew from any governmental activities, and since 1964 United
Nations Forces are in the island;these forces are called UNFICYP, which
stands for United Nations Forces In Cyprus.
According to the constitution, justice was carried out by two
different courts, one for the Greek-Cypriots and one for the
Turkish-Cypriots. When the case was between a Greek-Cypriot and a
Turkish-Cypriot, then the Superior Court was called. Also the
Superior Court was in charge for cases concerning
constitutional differences between the two communities.
According to the constitution, one National Guard, with the name Cyprus
Army, should be formed, with 2000 soldiers, with a proportion of 60%
Greek-Cypriots and 40% Turkish-Cypriots. Cyprus army would be
responsible for the national guard and security of the island. Because
of the different way of life, culture and religious between the
Greek-Cypriots and the Turkish-Cypriots, it wasn't possible this "mixed"
kind of army to work out. So actually, in 1963, the above army structure
sentence, was not voted by the House of the Representatives. After the
crisis of 1963 and the bloody fights between the Greeks and Turks of the
island, particularly in 1964, the Greek-Cypriots Senators, voted the
formation of the National Guard,with a mandatory eighteenth(18)-month
service by all Greek-Cypriots from the age of 18 up to 50.
After the invasion of the Turkish troops in 1974, the
mandatory service in the National Guard by all Greek-Cypriots increased
to twenty-six(26) months.
After the Turkish invasion in Cyprus, in 1974, and the withdraw
of the Turkish-Cypriots from every governmental activity, the
constitution of the Republic of Cyprus is carried out only by
Independence Day, 1 October
POLITICAL PARTIES AND LEADERS
- Greek Cypriot
Progressive Party of the Working People (AKEL), Dimitrios CHRISTOFIAS;
Democratic Rally (DISY), Glafkos CLERIDES; Democratic Party (DIKO),
Spyros KYPRIANOU; United Democratic Union of the Center (EDEK), Vassos
LYSSARIDIS; Socialist Democratic Renewal Movement (ADISOK), Mikhalis
PAPAPETROU; Liberal Party, Nikos ROLANDIS; Free Democrats, George
- Turkish Cypriots
National Unity Party (UBP), Dervis EROGLU; Communal Liberation
(TKP), Mustafa AKINCI; Republican Turkish Party (CTP), Ozker OZGUR; New
Cyprus Party (YKP), Alpay DURDURAN; Social Democratic Party (SDP),
Ergun VEHBI; New Birth Party (YDP), Ali Ozkan ALTINISHIK; Free
Democratic Party (HDP), Ismet KOTAK; Nationalist Justice Party (MAP),
Zorlu TORE; United Sovereignty Party, Arif Salih KIRDAG; Democratic
Party (DP), Hakki ATUN; Fatherland Party (VP), Orhan UCOK; CTP, TKP,
and YDP joined in the coalition Democratic Struggle Party (DMP) for the
22 April 1990 legislative election; the CTP and TKP boycotted the
byelection of 13 October 1991, in which 12 seats were at stake; the DMP
was dissolved after the 1990 election
- President: last held 14 February 1993 (next to be held February 1998);
results - Glafkos CLERIDES 50.3%, George VASSILIOU 49.7%
- House of Representatives: last held 26 of May 1996.
HEAD OF GOVERNMENT
President Glafkos CLERIDES (since 28 February 1993)
C, CCC, CE, CSCE, EBRD, ECE, FAO, G-77, GATT, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU,
IDA, IFAD, IFC, ILO, IMF, IMO, INMARSAT, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOC, IOM, ISO,
ITU, NAM, OAS (observer), UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO,
WIPO, WMO, WTO
DIPLOMATIC REPRESENTATION IN THE WHOLE WORLD
The complete list,
White with a copper-colored silhouette of the island (the name Cyprus is
derived from the Latin word for copper) above two green crossed olive
branches in the center of the flag; the branches symbolize the hope for
peace and reconciliation between the Greek and Turkish communities.
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