Picture of Björn Lindblom
The j-sound (σιγα' - γυρι'ζω)
by Björn Lindblom - Monday, 16 November 2020, 05:24 AM

When to use j (γιορτη', γυρι'ζω...) and when to use "ch" like in σιγα', ε'ργομαι?
It's difficult to know the difference and how to pronounce it right.
Is there a way to know or just learn it the hard way?
// Björn
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Re: The j-sound (σιγα' - γυρι'ζω)
by Greg Brush - Wednesday, 18 November 2020, 09:54 PM
  Greek gamma (Γ, γ) is pronounced as /j/ before the vowel sounds /ε/ (spelled ε or αι) and /i/ (spelled ι, η, υ, ει, οι, or υι):
/ε/ - γενέθλια (L28), πηγαίνω (L12)
/i/ - γίνομαι (L87), φαγητό (L35), γυρίζω (L13), γείτονας, λίγοι (L47)

as /γ/ before /a/ (spelled α), /o/ (spelled ο or ω), and /u/ (spelled ου), as well as before consonants other than γ, κ, χ:
/a/ - σιγά (L57)
/o/ - αγόρι (L13), εγώ (L6)
/u/ - μάγουλο (L15)
consonants - ογδόντα (L18), γλώσσα (L24), πράγμα (L4), γνώμη (L78), γραφείο (L3)

and as "ng" before γ, κ, χ in native Greek words:
"ng" - αγγλικά (L24), ανάγκη (L89), συγχωρείτε (L9)

Greg Brush
Picture of Björn Lindblom
Re: The j-sound (σιγα' - γυρι'ζω)
by Björn Lindblom - Monday, 23 November 2020, 06:02 AM
Thankyou Greg!

That makes sence - I'll try to remember that - sometimes I pronounce it
wrong and my greek friends tell me so.

// Björn